Periodontitis (disease of the periodontium) is caused by a film of bacteria (plaque) that secrets toxins leading to inflammation of the gums. The body defends itself through increased blood flow, which results in red, sensitive gums that bleed easily.
If this film is not removed, the gums gradually recede. The periodontal ligament and jaw bone begin to disintegrate, and infections develop in the surrounding tissue. The dramatic consequences: further disintegration of the bone and loosening of the teeth, which ultimately fall out. A special procedure involving systematic treatment of the gums (periodontium) and aftercare is necessary to cure this disease.
Steps in the treatment of periodontitis:
1. Preparatory treatment
The dentist will eliminate the troublesome or triggered symptoms and favourable factors during two preparatory procedures. Professional teeth cleaning is indispensable in this. Our team will advise of the care methods and necessary tools. We will monitor and document your oral hygiene successes at regular intervals. Following the preparatory treatment, the team will prepare the necessary paperwork for your health insurance company for assumption of the costs of your treatment.
Systematic treatment of periodontitis involves using special hand-held and ultrasound equipment, which gently removes the bacteria that has built up deep within the teeth and the hard deposits (concretions) from the surfaces of the teeth’s roots. It may also be necessary to remove parts of the diseased gums. The root surface is then polished to prevent a renewed build-up of bacteria. The procedure is generally performed under local anaesthetic. In some cases, an antibiotic may need to be taken for seven to ten days.
3. Regular and continual aftercare
The danger that bacteria present in the mouth might attack the periodontium is never-ending. Hence the improved state of the periodontium must be preserved in the long term – throughout a tooth’s entire life. Deep gum pockets can be treated with special drug carrier chips. Consistent, regular oral hygiene at home and complementary aftercare – at individual intervals – is indispensable, and the best precaution against diseases of the teeth and gums.